Click Main Image to Enter / Exit Image Fullscreen Mode
Type Internet Absentee Bidding
Price Realized 103,500.00 USD
Date Sold 6/25/2011

Lot # 272
Estimate 50,000.00 - 100,000.00 USD
PAIR OF IMPORTANT SHENANDOAH CO., VA SPENGLER FAMILY BIRTH CERTIFICATES, watercolor and ink on laid paper. First example depicting a central image of the Prodigal Son with walking stick and pack, flanked by elaborate floral urns and above a panel inscribed "The Prodigal Son / He gathered all together & took his / Journey into a far Country & wasted all / his Substance with riotous Living Luke 15." The reserve below is inscribed in a combination of English and German: "Joseph Spengler [Son of Philip Spengler Esqr. and Re= / gina his espoused Wife] was born in the Town of Strasburg / in the County of Shenandoah in the State of Virginia / the 12th Day of November Anno Domini 1790. / Joseph Spengler wurde geboren den 12lm Nov. 1790 / H.D. pinxit et scripsit." Second example depicting a female flanked by bold floral urns above a lower reserve inscribed: "Margaret Spengler (Daughter of Philip Spengler / and Regina his espoused Wife) was born in the / Town of Strasburg in the County of Shenandoa / in the State of Virginia on the 26th Day of March / in the Year of our Lord 1799, about I, oclock, P.M." Together with a file of family history records, copies of associated family photos, conservation reports, &c. Attributed to the Reverend Heinrich Diefenbach (1771-1837). Circa 1800. 8 3/4" x 6 3/4" and 8 7/8" x 7 1/8".
Both are in good to very good condition and exhibit vibrant colors. They have minor chipping to the edges and ink bleeding/staining to the lower inscriptions. Joseph’s certificate also exhibits a 2 1/4" long tear from the proper left edge within the lower inscription and two minute (1mm diameter) holes. The pair were conserved at the Chesapeake Paper Conservation in Williamsburg, VA in 2000/2001. This work included the attachment of a Kaji Japanese paper lining to the verso of each to provide auxiliary support. The conservation reports and photographic documentation will convey with the certificates.
Exhibited: Color copies of this pair are currently on exhibition at the Heritage Museum, Dayton, VA - "Bernhart & Company - Shenandoah Valley Folk Art Fraktur (1774-1850)".
This pair of certificates has an uninterrupted, six-generation history of family ownership as follows: Johann Philip Spengler (1761-1823); to his son Joseph Stover Spengler (1790-1876); to his son David Morris Spengler (1834-1904); to his daughter Ellen G. Spengler (1869-1948) who married Robert Samuel Fritts, 1892; to her daughter Vera Fritts (1898-1990); to her daughter who is the present owner.
Catalogue Note: Heinrich Diefenbach was a Reformed minister who worked in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, North Carolina, Berks County, Pennsylvania, and Ohio from roughly 1799 to 1837. He is recorded as a fraktur artist/scrivener by an entry in his journal noting that while staying at his father’s house in Augusta Co., VA in 1802, he made three baptism certificates for members of the Kirchoff family. The current location of the Kirchoff certificates is unknown. Heinrich Diefenbach was born in 1771 near Hagerstown, Washington Co., MD. He moved with his family to Augusta Co., VA, just north of Staunton, in 1784. He was a student of theology under Reverend Bernard Willy (1751-1809), a Reformed minister and scrivener who worked in a wide area of present day West Virginia lying just west of the Shenandoah Valley. Diefenbach also studied and travelled widely with the Reverend Paul Henkel in the Shenandoah Valley and North Carolina. He served his first parish in Augusta County in 1799-1800. It is likely that Diefenbach produced the Spengler certificates while he was ministering in Augusta County shortly after Margaret Spengler’s birth in 1799; or, he could have drawn them during his 1802 trip through the Shenandoah Valley, contemporaneous with the Kirchoff certificates mentioned in his journal. The attribution of the Spengler certificates to Heinrich Diefenbach is based on the "H.D." signature seen on the first example in combination with and supported by the temporal and geographical analogy between Diefenbach’s vocation and the provenance of the certificates. This pair represents the only works attributed to Diefenbach at this time; their identification establishes a benchmark for future attributions. Joseph Stover Spengler (1790-1876) and Margaret Spengler (1799-1848) were two of four children born to Col. Johann Philip Spengler (1761-1823) and Regina Stover (1763-1814) near Strasburg, Virginia. Joseph was married twice, fathering 18 children, the last of whom died in 1923. He was educated as a lawyer but chose an agrarian life, overseeing a farm of more than 1,000 acres in the Eastern District of Shenandoah County near Bentonville, in present day Warren County. The 1840 Federal Census recorded Spengler’s household as totaling 23 residents including 12 slaves. Spengler served the newly-formed Warren County as a Justice of the Court in 1836, Sheriff from 1837-1839, and again as a Justice from 1840-1846. His real estate holdings were assessed at $266,000 in 1870. Little is known of the life of Joseph’s sister Margaret, other than her birth and death dates. She apparently died a spinster.
Name June 25, 2011: Americana, Antiques, Fine & Decorative Arts
Auctioneer Jeffrey S. Evans & Associates
Type Internet Absentee Bidding
Date(s) 6/25/2011
Location 2177 Green Valley Lane
Mt. Crawford, VA 22841
Buyer Premium A Buyer's Premium may be added to this bid if it is successful.
Highlights of this auction included an outstanding selection of Virginia and other Southern decorative arts featuring an extremely important pair of Shenandoah Valley watercolor & ink birth records made for the Spengler family of Strasburg, VA (lot 272); additional Valley fraktur and folk art; samplers and other textiles; 100+ pieces of folk pottery including an important Valley of Virginia slip-decorated earthenware pitcher; baskets and other country accessories; 18th & 19th c. American country and formal furniture; an extremely rare circa 1770 American silver dish cross marked for Thomas Shields, Philadelphia; fine art and prints; outstanding collection of Bennington & related pottery; large selection of other 18th & 19th c. ceramics including collections of flow blue and majolica, Chinese export, Staffordshire, &c.; plus more.
  • Lots 001-126: Folk Pottery
  • Lots 127-156: Civil War & Firearms
  • Lots 157-232: Country Accessories
  • Lots 233-290: Textiles, Folk Art, Historical, Maps
  • Lots 291-351: Fine & Decorative Arts, Carpets
  • Lots 352-438: Furniture & Mirrors
  • Lots 439-458: Silver
  • Lots 459-472: Glass
  • Lots 473-505: Asian Decorative Arts & Porcelain
  • Lots 506-755: Ceramics
  • Get Printable List of Realized Auction Prices If you are interested in consigning merchandise for a future auction, call (540) 434-3939, ext. 143, or email us.
    JEFFREY S. EVANS & ASSOCIATES AUCTION TERMS & CONDITIONS Your bid constitutes a legally binding contract. By bidding with Jeffrey S. Evans & Associates either directly or through another online auction provider (e.g. Live Auctioneers), you are agreeing to abide by all associated auction terms and conditions. 1. The auctioneer reserves the right to reopen bidding on a sold lot (under extreme circumstances only) and is the sole determinant concerning all bid disputes and the final authority in regard to all auction terms and conditions. 2. Lots won by bidding in person, by telephone bid, or by absentee bidding directly with Jeffrey S. Evans & Associates are subject to a 17% buyer's premium, discounted to 15% for cash or check purchases. Lots won by "Live" Internet bidding are subject to a 20% buyer's premium. Lots won by absentee bidding through Live Auctioneers are subject to a 20% buyer's premium. The 20% "Live" Internet/Live Auctioneers buyer's premium is not eligible for discount. 3. Unless exempted by law, all purchases are subject to a 5% VA state sales tax (this is also applicable to out-of-state buyers who pick up their purchases in VA). 4. VA law requires that all dealers have a valid, signed VA Dept. of Taxation Sales & Use Tax Certificate of Exemption on file with us (required per auction for non-VA dealers). 5. Regarding ABSENTEE BIDDING and TELEPHONE BIDDING (this information does NOT apply to absentee bids submitted through Live Auctioneers, LLC): a. These services are offered as a courtesy, at no additional cost to the bidder. We are not responsible for errors or unexecuted absentee or phone bids. Our online absentee bidding is powered by Auction Flex. No service fee is imposed on lots won by absentee bidding through Flex. b. Non-Internet bids: If you do not have Internet access, you may fax, mail, or hand-deliver bids to us and we will enter the bids on your behalf. Non-Internet bids must include the auction date and a signed statement indicating that you accept all terms and conditions of the auction. You may call 540.434.3939, ext. 141 to request an absentee bid form. Note: Your local library may provide internet access for free, or for a nominal fee. c. All absentee bids must be in written form. We cannot accept verbal absentee bids. Submitted bids that are not commensurate with our standard bid increments will be rounded up to the correct bid increment. d. Check your lot number! If you bid on the incorrect lot and win, you are liable for payment. When we enter bids for you, we refer to lot numbers only; however, if we notice a discrepancy between a lot number and item description, we will attempt to contact you to clarify. If it is not possible to confirm your intent, we will not execute your bid(s). e. Absentee bidders may be in competition with various "live" bidders. "Live" bidders may include "floor" or "in-house" bidders (bidding in person at our auction gallery), Internet bidders (bidding in real time via computer) or telephone bidders (bidding in real time via telephone). f. All absentee bids are processed competitively with other absentee bids. In the event of identical absentee bids, the earliest received takes priority. Note: This is only coordinated between two tied absentee bids, and not between an absentee bid and a "live" bid, therefore it is possible that a "live" bidder could win a lot for the same bid amount you placed prior to the auction (it depends on where that bid increment falls during live bidding on the lot). g. Absentee bids placed in person at our gallery are accepted at any time prior to the sale of the item. The deadline for all other absentee bids (internet, mailed and faxed bids) is two hours prior to the start of the auction. h. All Telephone bids are subject to a minimum opening bid of $250 per lot and must be arranged by 12:00 p.m. Eastern, the day before the auction. i. We will notify all successful bidders, including Live Auctioneers winners, by email or phone within 2 business days of the sale (e.g. Tuesday following Saturday auction). Winning bidders must contact us by 5 PM ET on the Friday following the auction to confirm receipt of invoice and make arrangements for payment and shipping or pick up. j. PAYMENT IS DUE WITHIN 5 DAYS OF THE DATE OF YOUR INVOICE. If you have requested that we pack and ship for you, payment in full is due within 5 business days of the date of your final invoice, which will include the cost of packing, shipping and insurance. Requests for our packing/shipping service must be made by 5 PM ET on the Friday following the auction. PLEASE MAIL PAYMENTS TO OUR POST OFFICE BOX. k. See our BUYING webpage for additional auction terms and other important information. 6. Once an item is sold to an in-house bidder, the buyer assumes full risk and responsibility for said item. 7. Items purchased in person at our gallery must be paid in full on the date of sale, unless other arrangements have been pre-approved by an authorized representative of Jeffrey S. Evans & Assoc. 8. Each returned check is subject to a $50.00 service charge. 9. Accounts that are unpaid after 30 days of the sale date will be subject to a 2% monthly finance charge. 10. The buyer is liable for all fees/costs associated with the collection of balances due, including attorney's fees. 11. Unless pre-arranged with Jeffrey S. Evans & Assoc., any merchandise not removed within two weeks of the sale date is subject to a storage fee; any merchandise not removed within 60 days of the sale date is considered abandoned. 12. Refunds will be given at the sole discretion of the auctioneer and will only be considered on lots that are determined not to be authentic or have major damage or significant restorations/repairs that were not outlined in the condition report. Lots cataloged without circa dates are not guaranteed as to age. Additionally: a. All rugs are sold strictly "as is" with no guarantees as to age or condition. No refunds will be accepted on rugs. b. Refunds in regard to condition for items purchased in person at the gallery must be requested before those items are removed from the gallery. c. All refund requests must be RECEIVED within 25 days of the sale. Requests in regard to authenticity must also include at least one supporting written and signed statement from an authority recognized by the auctioneer. Note: Your timeliness and type of payment (uncertified checks are held for 10 business days before we ship) directly affect the time allowed for a refund transaction. d. Absolutely no refunds will be made after 25 days of the sale date. e. Do not return any item until a refund authorization has been obtained from Jeffrey S. Evans & Associates. Once a refund is approved and the complete lot is returned to the satisfaction of the auctioneer, a full refund of the hammer price and buyer's premium will be issued. We do not offer partial refunds. 13. Additional conditions of sale apply as noted on our website and/or as announced by the auctioneer prior to the auction. 14. These terms and conditions, as well as the respective rights and obligations hereunder, shall be governed by and construed and enforced in accordance with the laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia. The purchaser shall be deemed to have consented to the jurisdiction of the state courts of, and the federal courts sitting in, the Commonwealth of Virginia. CATALOGUE INFORMATION & OUR GUARANTEE GLASS & LIGHTING AUCTIONS: 1. All catalogue descriptions are guaranteed to be accurate in the matter of authenticity, condition and measurements unless otherwise noted in the catalogue description. Measurements are guaranteed to be accurate to within one inch. 2. We are very meticulous in our description of the condition of each piece. Many of the minor flaws that we note are perfectly acceptable and do not detract from the item's desirability or value. We do not consider light wear, small manufacturing flaws, glass impurities or lightly tinted glass to be notable flaws. 3. If you are a bidder who demands flawlessness, it is recommended that you examine the item(s) in person, or have a trusted representative inspect the item(s) on your behalf. 4. Lamps are measured to the top of the collar and are without burners and chimneys unless otherwise noted. 5. All requests for additional information will be accepted until 24 hours prior to the start of the auction. 6. The auctioneer reserves the right to make verbal corrections and provide additional information from the auction block at the time of sale. Absentee bids will not be executed on lots found to be other than as described in the catalogue unless one of our representatives has personally conveyed the updated catalogue description to the absentee bidder. The bidder will then have the option to alter or cancel the original absentee bid. ************************************************** JEFFREY S. EVANS & ASSOCIATES, INC. Auctioneers, Appraisers, Brokers, Consultants & Collections Management VAF #555 VAF #782 GALLERY LOCATION: 2177 Green Valley Lane Mt. Crawford, Virginia 22841 Payments & general correspondence should be sent to: P. O. Box 2638 Harrisonburg, Virginia 22801
    Your bid must adhere to the bid increment schedule.
    Bid Amount Bid Increment
    0.00 - 190.00 10.00 USD
    190.01 - 475.00 25.00 USD
    475.01 - 950.00 50.00 USD
    950.01 - 2,900.00 100.00 USD
    2,900.01 - 4,750.00 250.00 USD
    4,750.01 - 9,500.00 500.00 USD
    9,500.01 - 29,000.00 1,000.00 USD
    29,000.01 - 47,500.00 2,500.00 USD
    47,500.01 - 95,000.00 5,000.00 USD
    95,000.01 - 240,000.00 10,000.00 USD
    240,000.01 - 475,000.00 25,000.00 USD
    475,000.01 - 950,000.00 50,000.00 USD